Blood is the red liquid that circulates in the arteries and veins of humans and other vertebrate animals, carrying oxygen to and carbon dioxide from the tissues of the body.. It is found in fluid state in humans and other animals. It delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic, waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blood cells suspended in blood plasma.

Blood is a circulatory fluids flows into the viens or arteries. There are 8 different types of blood group and here we are going to discuss about the facts, types, catagories and all explanation about blood group.Blood Group Explanation Types Diet Facts Of Blood Group

Blood Group(Blood Type)

There are four main blood groups (types of blood) – A, B, AB and O(ABO System). Your blood group is determined by the genes you inherit from your parents. Each group can be either RhD(Rheumatic Heart Disease) positive or RhD(Rheumatic Heart Disease) negative, which means in total there are eight main blood groups.

Blood Category

Human blood is grouped into four types: A, B, AB, and O. Each letter refers to a kind of antigen, or protein, on the surface of red blood cells. For example, the surface of red blood cells in Type A blood has antigens known as A-antigens.

How blood groups are different?

Antigens and various proteins float in the plasma and on red blood cells. The ABO grouping system refers to the genetically-determined individual differences in the presence of two antigens (A and B), which stimulate the production of different antibodies.

How is your Blood Group determined?

Actually, your blood group is inherent and are determined genetically. For instance:- The A and B antigen molecules on the surface of red blood cells are made by two different enzymes. These two enzymes are encoded by different versions, or alleles, of the same gene.

The A allele codes for an enzyme that makes the A antigen, and the B allele codes for an enzyme that makes the B antigen. A third version of this gene, the O allele, codes for a protein that is not functional; it makes no surface molecules at all.

Everyone inherits two alleles of the gene, one from each parent. The combination of your two alleles determines your blood type.

Blood Groups Facts

Healthy Eating for Blood Group types:

Type O(+ve or -ve) blood:

A high-protein diet heavy on lean meat, poultry, fish and vegetables, and light on grains, beans and dairy.

Type A(+ve or -ve) blood:

A meat-free diet rich in fruits and vegetables, beans and legumes, and whole grains—ideally, organic and fresh.

Type B(+ve or -ve) blood: 

Foods to focus on are green vegetables, eggs, certain meats and low-fat dairy. Avoid corn, wheat, buckwheat, lentils, tomatoes, peanuts and sesame seeds.

Type AB(+ve or -ve) blood:

Foods to focus on include tofu, seafood, dairy and green vegetables. Avoid caffeine, alcohol and smoked or cured meats.

Exercising for you Healthy Blood Body:

Type O(+ve or -ve) blood:

You tend to be strong and athletic with powerful arms and legs and, because you’re no longer chasing your meals, crave high-intensity workouts like interval training, running, and plyometrics. You use exercise as an emotional outlet, and need it more than other blood types to fight stress and anxiety and boost your mood.

Type A(+ve or -ve) blood:

Intense exercise increases your levels of the stress hormone cortisol and leads to muscle fatigue and stiffness. You do best by opting for calming activities that help you focus and protect your joints, like Pilates, yoga, Tai Chi and isometric exercises.

Type B(+ve or -ve) blood:

 You’ll enjoy group cardio workouts that are slightly lower impact, like tennis or cycling, as well as resistance training.

Type AB(+ve or -ve) blood:

 You tend to get muscle and joint stiffness from high-power cardio sessions, so you’ll be more apt to stick with gentle exercise, like walking, hiking, golf or dance. However, you also tend to internalize anger, so yoga and Tai Chi can be helpful for keeping your mood level and your muscles and joints limber.

Blood Transfusion

Blood transfusion is generally the process of receiving blood or blood products into one’s circular intravenously. Transfusions are used for various medical conditions to replace lost components of the blood. Early transfusions used whole blood, but modern medical practice commonly uses only components of the blood, such as red blood cells, white blood cells,plasma,clotting factors, and platelets.

Risks of Blood Transfusion

Blood transfusions are generally considered safe, but there is some risk of complications. Mild complications and rarely severe ones can occur during the transfusion or several days or more after. More common reactions include allergic reactions, which might cause hives and itching, and fever.

Some other Major risks are:

Bloodborne infections

Blood banks screen donors and test donated blood to reduce the risk of transfusion-related infections, so infections, such as HIV or hepatitis B or C, are extremely rare.

Also rare, these include:

Acute immune hemolytic reaction:

Your immune system attacks the transfused red blood cells because the donor blood type is not a good match. The attacked cells release a substance into your blood that harms your kidneys.

Delayed hemolytic reaction.

Similar to an acute immune hemolytic reaction, this reaction occurs more slowly. It can take one to four weeks to notice a decrease in red blood cell levels.

Graft-versus-host disease.

In this condition, transfused white blood cells attack your bone marrow. Usually fatal, it’s more likely to affect people with severely weakened immune systems, such as those being treated for leukemia or lymphoma.

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