The short answer is no. The pigment melanin determines your eye color. Eyes with a lot of melanin will be naturally darker. Research has found that eye color can change in rare cases due to injury or genetics.
How to understand you’re suffering from depression? How to get rid of depression which is a serious health condition that can’t be ignored? Depression is a serious matter that, unfortunately, doesn’t get talked about enough.
Simply feeling a little sad can make us think that we’re depressed, but that’s not always the case…or is it? Let’s find out what signs are hinting that you might actually be suffering from “the plague of the 21st century”.
How to recognize depression?
The most common signs of depression are the following:
- -When you start feeling hopeless and don’t wanna get out of bed for days, that’s where it gets into dangerous territory.
- -You’ll constantly dwell on your past failures, and your mind will be flooded with memories of every stupid mistake you’ve ever made.
- -You start forgetting about important things and have trouble remembering names or other details.
- -You have no energy and feel like you could spend the whole day in bed.
- -You’re constantly bored, tired, and have no desire to do your life-long hobby or meet up with your best friend.
- -When you’re depressed, you constantly feel sad, anxious, or irritated and you probably can’t even explain why.
- -Emotional outbursts and a constant feeling of hopelessness throw not only your weight out of whack but your overall health too.
- -Take good care of your body and mind. Try to explore the world around you as if you never have before. Your spirit should also get a dose of treatment too with meditation.
- -“Seasonal depression” can be treated with natural substances. Experts also recommend to start seeing a doctor earlier and doing it regularly.
- -you constantly feel down and tired.
- -Your self-esteem has hit rock bottom.
- -You have concentration and memory problems and troubles sleeping.
- -Your weight changes, it can go either way: you all of a sudden gain several pounds or your weight drops drastically.
- -Nothing, including your favorite food, TV show, video game, or even meeing up with your besties, brings you pleasure.
- -You experience mood swings, and you can suddenly become extremely short-tempered with a lack of basic tolerance.
- -Your health deteriorates.
- -It’s really common for depressed people to suddenly start experiencing aches and pains, most frequently in the joints or back.
If at least 3 to 4 signs hit home for you, it most likely means that you have some form of depression. Basically, the more signs you’re showing, the more depressed you are.
How to understand you’re suffering from depression? How to get rid of depression which is a serious health condition. Depression is a serious matter & it’s symptoms & cure are dis..
How to make it better?
The first thing you have to do is go to the doctor. According to psychotherapist Sean Grover, there are steps you can take in three areas of your life to make your mental state better. The first thing to take care of is your body. Start doing 30-minute workouts at least 3 times a week, get at least 7 hours of sleep a night, and add more of your favorite foods to your diet, especially sugary ones.
The second and equally important part is your mind. Try to explore the world around you as if you never have before.
Finally, your spirit should also get a dose of treatment too. The best thing you can do here is meditation. Through it, you can learn to understand and listen to yourself on a deeper level.
HH is the newly discovered blood group found in human body. One women from southern india CHENNAI needs blood of HH rhesus. As HH is most rarest blood man from southern india travel 340 kilometer overnight just to donate and save the life of that pregnant mother. Well, this man “Aditya Hedge ” proved that humanity still exist among us, SALUTE TO THIS LEGENDARY.
Do you doubt your own intelligence? Here we have collect 10 symbol that you’re mistaken.
You were breast-fed as a baby
Scientists from Britain and New Zealand studied around 3,000 children and found that those who were breast-fed as babies received almost 7 points more on IQ tests than those who weren’t. But this only applied to those who had a certain kind of gene (this gene is also present in those who weren’t breast-fed.) The exact mechanism determining the relationship between this gene and breast-feeding is still unknown.
You loved reading even as a child
Do you have memories of reading going back to your earliest days? The chances are you’re very smart, especially if your love for books started when you were still in diapers. During the course of one piece of research, 2,000 pairs of twins were studied, and it turned out that those infants who learned to read earlier scored higher in tests later in life. The study’s authors believe that reading from an early age improves a person’s verbal as well as non-verbal abilities.
There is some data to suggest that there’s a large number of left-handed people among criminals. Experts have yet to explain this phenomenon. On the other hand, the latest research indicates that left-handed people are inclined to divergent thinking — a way of creative thinking that is employed in order to solve problems and tasks. Left-handed people are often more inventive and know how to get out of difficult situations better. Is that not a sign of great intellect?
You often worry
More and more studies are proving that people who often worry about things might be more intelligent than those who don’t. It may be the case that this is a result of the fact that they’re always thinking about the possible consequences of their actions and therefore try to make sure everything turns out as best as possible.
You can be funny
It turns out that a sense of humor and high intelligence are connected. In one piece of research, around 400 students took an intelligence test, after which they had to think up amusing captions for scenes from cartoons. Can you guess whose captions turned out to be funnier?
A professor of business psychology at one London university came to the conclusion that curiosity is an important characteristic in intelligent people. Curious people possess a more refined form of thinking, and in the long-term they are interested in discovering new things and developing as people.
You strive for perfection
People who are smart are usually perfectionists. They’re never truly satisfied with the way things are. If they play a sport, they’ll spend extra time practicing to be the best player on the team. And if they are unhappy with their appearance, they’ll go the extra mile to look their best by buying a new wardrobe or stepping up their grooming habits. Their life is a constant work in progress.
You’re a real night owl
It sounds funny, but it turns out that people who love to stay up at night generally have a greater intellect than early birds. The ability to work and be creative at night, as is well known, was not given to us by nature. It’s for this reason that scientists reached the conclusion that intelligent people go to bed later because they’re striving to expand the limits of their abilities. If only we could survive on such little sleep!
Your writing is messy
Creative disorder is a concept that was established long ago, and there is even research that claims that it serves as a kind of “fuel” for those with a creative nature. Messy handwriting is also one of the signs of a creative person.
: Hello readers, welcome to the new session article of limited science. Do you know ? if you continuously repeat the habit of doing something till 21 days regularly then that will be added to your permanent habitual action means that will be your regular habit. Without any further delay, let’s get enter to the topic.
If your friend is in the bad abuse of drugs,alcoholism,steroid user then simply you & his parents advice him to not to use those material. If he continuously use that drugs then his family admit him in rehabilitation Center. In rehabilitation Center doctor keep him far from those drugs & these daily routine will continuously followed for 21 days. Then in most of the case many people get free from those abuse.
I have give these example in that sense, 21 days play the important role in psychology. Okay here we are going to know the exact science behind these system.
When someone do regular activities in routine pattern, then our brain save the pattern details of habit of that person in nerve cell & cerebrum & our brain force us to do work in that saved pattern, but at the 21 days our nerve cell get reformed & developed more in branch. Around 37% nerve cell increases & 13% will disabled. Due to the aggregation of new nerve cell, our brain lost some pattern of habits. At this time if we do some new good works, or do some new action of habits then brain & nerve cell will start to save new pattern of habits & person will get chance to get new habits in daily life routine.
Hope you guys get understand what we are explaining about ! Thank you all readers. We have published more interesting article in our website you can visit other articles ! & please share this article with your friends !
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Blood is the red liquid that circulates in the arteries and veins of humans and other vertebrate animals, carrying oxygen to and carbon dioxide from the tissues of the body.. It is found in fluid state in humans and other animals. It delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic, waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blood cells suspended in blood plasma.
Blood Group(Blood Type)
There are four main blood groups (types of blood) – A, B, AB and O(ABO System). Your blood group is determined by the genes you inherit from your parents. Each group can be either RhD(Rheumatic Heart Disease) positive or RhD(Rheumatic Heart Disease) negative, which means in total there are eight main blood groups.
Human blood is grouped into four types: A, B, AB, and O. Each letter refers to a kind of antigen, or protein, on the surface of red blood cells. For example, the surface of red blood cells in Type A blood has antigens known as A-antigens.
How blood groups are different?
Antigens and various proteins float in the plasma and on red blood cells. The ABO grouping system refers to the genetically-determined individual differences in the presence of two antigens (A and B), which stimulate the production of different antibodies.
How is your Blood Group determined?
Actually, your blood group is inherent and are determined genetically. For instance:- The A and B antigen molecules on the surface of red blood cells are made by two different enzymes. These two enzymes are encoded by different versions, or alleles, of the same gene.
The A allele codes for an enzyme that makes the A antigen, and the B allele codes for an enzyme that makes the B antigen. A third version of this gene, the O allele, codes for a protein that is not functional; it makes no surface molecules at all.
Everyone inherits two alleles of the gene, one from each parent. The combination of your two alleles determines your blood type.
Blood Groups Facts
Healthy Eating for Blood Group types:
Type O(+ve or -ve) blood:
A high-protein diet heavy on lean meat, poultry, fish and vegetables, and light on grains, beans and dairy.
Type A(+ve or -ve) blood:
A meat-free diet rich in fruits and vegetables, beans and legumes, and whole grains—ideally, organic and fresh.
Type B(+ve or -ve) blood:
Foods to focus on are green vegetables, eggs, certain meats and low-fat dairy. Avoid corn, wheat, buckwheat, lentils, tomatoes, peanuts and sesame seeds.
Type AB(+ve or -ve) blood:
Foods to focus on include tofu, seafood, dairy and green vegetables. Avoid caffeine, alcohol and smoked or cured meats.
Exercising for you Healthy Blood Body:
Type O(+ve or -ve) blood:
You tend to be strong and athletic with powerful arms and legs and, because you’re no longer chasing your meals, crave high-intensity workouts like interval training, running, and plyometrics. You use exercise as an emotional outlet, and need it more than other blood types to fight stress and anxiety and boost your mood.
Type A(+ve or -ve) blood:
Intense exercise increases your levels of the stress hormone cortisol and leads to muscle fatigue and stiffness. You do best by opting for calming activities that help you focus and protect your joints, like Pilates, yoga, Tai Chi and isometric exercises.
Type B(+ve or -ve) blood:
You’ll enjoy group cardio workouts that are slightly lower impact, like tennis or cycling, as well as resistance training.
Type AB(+ve or -ve) blood:
You tend to get muscle and joint stiffness from high-power cardio sessions, so you’ll be more apt to stick with gentle exercise, like walking, hiking, golf or dance. However, you also tend to internalize anger, so yoga and Tai Chi can be helpful for keeping your mood level and your muscles and joints limber.
Blood transfusion is generally the process of receiving blood or blood products into one’s circular intravenously. Transfusions are used for various medical conditions to replace lost components of the blood. Early transfusions used whole blood, but modern medical practice commonly uses only components of the blood, such as red blood cells, white blood cells,plasma,clotting factors, and platelets.
Risks of Blood Transfusion
Blood transfusions are generally considered safe, but there is some risk of complications. Mild complications and rarely severe ones can occur during the transfusion or several days or more after. More common reactions include allergic reactions, which might cause hives and itching, and fever.
Some other Major risks are:
Blood banks screen donors and test donated blood to reduce the risk of transfusion-related infections, so infections, such as HIV or hepatitis B or C, are extremely rare.
Also rare, these include:
Acute immune hemolytic reaction:
Your immune system attacks the transfused red blood cells because the donor blood type is not a good match. The attacked cells release a substance into your blood that harms your kidneys.
Delayed hemolytic reaction.
Similar to an acute immune hemolytic reaction, this reaction occurs more slowly. It can take one to four weeks to notice a decrease in red blood cell levels.
In this condition, transfused white blood cells attack your bone marrow. Usually fatal, it’s more likely to affect people with severely weakened immune systems, such as those being treated for leukemia or lymphoma.
80 Amazing Interesting Facts About Human Blood Which You Don’t Know !
1. Nearly 7% of the body weight of a human is made up of blood.
2. Platelets, white blood cells and red blood cells are present in blood.
3. Blood consists of a yellow liquid which is known as blood plasma.
4. Blood plasma is primarily made up of water. 90% of blood plasma is water.
5. Blood plasma also consists of hormones, glucose, proteins, gases, electrolytes and nutrients.
6. Platelets, white blood cells and red blood cells are all found floating in blood plasma.
7. Blood plasma can be separated using centrifuge device which spins blood at a very high speed. The cells then get collected at the bottom of the tube, separating blood plasma from the cells.
8. Only the red blood cells in our blood are responsible for carrying oxygen.
9. Red blood cells consist of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is actually a protein that contains iron. Oxygen combines with this iron and gives the characteristic red color to our blood as well as hemoglobin.
10. Unlike red blood cells, the white blood cells in our blood form the defensive system of our body. These white blood cells are responsible for fighting viruses, bacteria and other infectious diseases. They also fight cancer cells and other unwanted material that enter human body.
11. Platelets are completely different and are responsible for blood clotting whenever bleeding occurs because of a cut or bruise. This prevents unwanted loss of blood.
12. While blood clotting is meant for good, it can become dangerous. If blood clots in blood vessels of heart, one can experience heart attack. Similarly, blood clot in brain can lead to stroke.
13. Blood is not just responsible for carrying oxygen to different parts of the body. It also carries nutrients to body cells. At the same time, it also carries away unwanted waste material away from the cells.
14. Blood pressure is actually the pressure exerted by blood on blood vessel walls. BP is a vital sign of life.
15. High BP implies increased risk of stroke and heart attack.
16. Average blood pressure will always vary from one person to another despite the fact that standard considered BP is 112/64 mmHg.
17. Though we are familiar with common blood types A, B, AB and O, which is a part of simplified ABO system, there are actually around 30 different recognized blood groups or blood types.
18. An adult body has 100,000 kilometers or 60,000 miles of blood vessels running throughout the body.
19. The average volume of blood present in an adult male body is 5.6 liters while an adult female body contains 4.5 liters of blood on an average.
20. A new born baby will have around 1 cup of blood in its body.
21. Blood plasma we mentioned earlier makes up around 55% of the total volume of blood present in human body.
22. Blood consists of a special type of white blood cell known as granulocyte. These cells roll along blood vessel walls and hunt for bacteria. If they find any harmful bacteria, granulocytes will destroy these bacteria by engulfing them.
23. Red blood cells survive in circulatory system for no more than 120 days.
24. Platelets, plasma and red blood cells are constantly produced by bone marrow.
25. Donated red blood cells cannot be stored for more than 42 days.
26. Donated platelets cannot be stored for more than 5 days.
27. Donated blood plasma can be stored for 1 year in frozen condition.
28. Platelets, red blood cells and blood plasma can be separately donated instead of donating blood as a whole. This type of donation is known as Apheresis.
29. Humans can have artificial heart but there is absolutely no substitute for human blood. There is no such thing called artificial blood.
30. Our body has about 0.2 mg of gold. Most of this gold is actually in our blood.
31. We find pus kind of disgusting but it is actually nothing but white blood cells that died while defending our body against infections.
32. The only place where blood cannot be found in human body is the eye because cornea is capable of directly extracting oxygen from air.
33. Supply of blood in blood vessels located in nose increases when someone catches cold. This happens to keep the nose warm. As a result of this blood vessels dilate and increase mucus production and leads to runny nose.
34. Scientists have come up with a method that can be used to send oxygen directly to blood without using the lungs.
35. Mosquitoes have an uncanny preference to the blood type they suck. They prefer blood group O more than other blood groups.
36. 1,200,000 mosquitoes together need to suck out blood once from a human body to drain out entire blood in his or her body.
37. More than 400 gallons of blood are filtered by our kidneys every single day.
38. Nearly 1/4th of total cells in human body are red blood cells. So, the total number of red blood cells in an adult human body at any given point in time is around 20-30 trillion. The total number of white blood cells in an adult human body is between 4,000 and 11,000. Please remember that these numbers are just best estimates based on size and volume of the cells in comparison to total mass of an adult human body.
39. Nearly 2 million red blood cells in an adult human body die every one second.
40. Nearly 2 million red blood cells are produced in bone marrow every one second so that they can replace the dead cells.
41. Our heart pumps 1.5 million barrels of blood during our entire lifetime. This is enough blood to completely fill 200 tank cars of train.
42. Every two seconds, someone in this world will need blood.
43. The donated blood is actually sold on market collecting 4.5 billion US dollars a year! That’s a huge industry.
44. Donating blood never reduces a person’s physical energy.
45. The amount of fluid lost when donating blood is actually replaced by our body within a few hours.
46. It takes up to 4 weeks to replace the number of red blood cells lost during blood donation.
47. It takes up to 8 weeks to replace the amount of iron lost after blood donation. This is precisely why a person is not allowed to donate blood twice within 8 weeks.
48. On an average, an adult human body (not considering whether male or female) consists of 5 liters of blood which is equivalent to 10 pints of blood.
49. One pint of blood is capable of saving 3 lives.
50. If a person donates blood every 56 days (8 weeks) starting at the age of 17 and stops donating at the age of 79, he or she would donate a total of 46.5 gallons of blood, which is equivalent to 176 liters of blood.
51. Someone in the world actually donates blood every 8 minutes.
52. Out of every 10 people entering hospital will need blood.
53. Anywhere between 2 and 25 units or pints of blood is required during brain surgery.
54. Anywhere between 2 and 5 units or pints of blood is required during hip replacement surgery.
55. At least 4 units or pints of blood may be required for cancer treatment.
56. People suffering from sickle cell disease need up to 4 pints or units of blood every single month to survive.
57. Victims of severe car accidents need up to 50 pints or units of blood before their conditions normalize.
58. Not everyone willing to donate blood is allowed to do so. People are usually screened for transmittable diseases before they are allowed to donate blood.
59. Patients who suffer from anemia require blood transfusion so that the count of red blood cells in their blood can be increased.
60. Shortage of supply of all blood groups increase during both winter and summer holidays. The two most common blood groups that fall short very often are B and O.
61. At the age of 13, a person named James Harrison needed 13 liters of blood for a major surgery. After he turned 18, he started donating blood. It was found that his blood contained a very rare antigen that was capable of curing Rhesus disease. Till date, Harrison has donated blood 1,000 times and is responsible for curing 2,000,000 unborn babies from that disease.
62. Bayer pharmaceutics is possibly one of the most unethical companies in this world. The company once sold blood products that were contaminated with Hepatitis C and HIV. By the time the company learned that the product was contaminated, 10,000 people in US had already contracted HIV. The company did withdraw the products from US market but sold them in Latin American and Asian markets to continue profiting from the products.
63. In Ireland there was a tradition of giving a pint of guinness to anyone who donated a pint of blood. The pint of Guinness was given to replace the iron the donors lost by donating blood.
64. Saddam Hussein, during the late 90s, commissioned some people to write a Quran using his blood. The Quran was written but it remains a paradox for Muslim leaders. A Quran cannot be written using blood because it is a sin in Islam but the Quran cannot be destroyed either because that too is a sin. That Quran exists but no one knows what to do with it.
65. There is a type of fatal blood disease whose only cure is to donate blood. The disease is known as hemochromatosis, which is actually a genetic mutation where too much iron gets absorbed in gut causing toxic iron buildup in organs.
66. George Washington was killed by his doctors. He was actually bled to death. Doctors used the then popular practice of bloodletting to cure his sore throat problem. It was nothing but a method of removing dirty blood. By the time bloodletting treatment was finished, more than half of total blood in Washington’s body had been removed which turned out to be fatal.
67. Blood type is an indicator of a person’s personality – this is what Japanese people believe. Thus, Japanese market is flood with good themed after blood types. Products like books, drinks, condoms etc. with blood-type theme are sold in Japan.
68. Even Facebook’s Japanese version has a drop down option of ‘Blood Type’ for user profiles!
69. Blood can become dark greenish-black in color. This usually happens because of a type of migraine medication.
70. Ancient Egyptians believed that wine was nothing but blood of people who dared to battle against gods. The reason why they believed this is that drinking wine temporarily made people crazy and drove them out of their senses. This is precisely why ancient Egyptian avoided drinking wine.
71. Every year, around 1.3 million pints or units of donated blood is wasted because the shelf life of blood is 42 days.
72. Kidneys are actually responsible for regulating the production of red blood cells in human body. Kidneys are responsible for producing erythropoietin hormone (EPO) that binds with the receptors in stem cell walls in bone marrow and after a complex set of events, the DNA of stem cells are transformed into red blood cells.
73. Kidneys will release EPO only when it finds that oxygen levels in blood have gone below normal. In other words, kidneys are responsible for measuring levels of oxygen in blood.
74. People suffering with kidney failure generally become anemic because kidneys fail to produce enough EPO that can stimulate the production of red blood cells in bone marrow. This however never means that all anemic patients have failed kidneys.
75. The first ever successful blood transfusion was not between humans but between dogs and this event took place somewhere in 1660s.
76. The first ever blood bank of the world was opened in Chicago in year 1936.
77. William Harvey was the first person to describe blood circulation in 1628.
78. The circumference of earth is 40,000 kilometers or 25,000 miles. If all blood vessels in a human body are placed end to end, they can wrap around our earth nearly 2.5 times!
79. Red blood cells are special cells in our body. They do not have nuclei. Because there is no nucleus in a red blood cell, it cannot multiply through cell division because for a cell to undergo cell division, a nucleus is necessary. Thus, red blood cells simply die out after 120 days.
80. Blood has wonderful staining property. It is because of this property that Native Americans often used blood as paint!
People in this modern world usually don’t have the time or simply don’t care about increasing their brain power. And most people still believe that IQ is static and can’t change. However, your general intelligence, which is measured by IQ, is dynamic and changing in between some range.
Whether you are a busy person or not, you can still increase your brain power. There are simple activities, believe it or not, that could help your brain to maintain its performance, or even improving it.
No, I can’t guarantee that by doing these things you will improve your IQ to 180. What I know for sure is that you can improve a few points by doing all these simple things. All you need is to be consistent and do it every day.
According to a research done by Harvard, Yale, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, meditation can increase your brain size. Brain scans they conducted reveal that experienced meditators boasted increased thickness in parts of the brain that deal with attention and processing sensory input. Meditation also helps you relieve your stresses.
2. Play video games
Certain types of video games can help to train the brain to become more agile and improve strategic thinking, according to scientists from Queen Mary University of London and University College London (UCL). Strategy games help you to solve problems while FPS and racing game boosts your reflexes.
This is the most simple and common way but also the most underrated one. When you read, your brain process information, allowing it to create new neuron pathway in order to understand the information and gain knowledge. Force yourself to absorb new information and, ultimately, gain new knowledge.
4. Question everything
This one does not come up with a reference, but most of the genius people love to ask questions. They ask everything which they didn’t understand about. To asks means to seek for answers. When you question something, you try to solve all the problems looking for an answer. You think, and thinking is an exercise for your brain.
5. Listen to music
Research has shown that listening to music while exercising boosted cognitive levels and verbal fluency skills in people diagnosed with coronary artery disease (coronary artery disease has been linked to a decline in cognitive abilities). In this study, signs of improvement in the verbal fluency areas more than doubled after listening to music compared to that of the non-music session.
6. Keep on learning
By learning, the size and structure of neurons and the connections between them changes. Learning is not only reading books, it can be traveling to new places, learn a new language, learn to play a music instrument, or even surfing the web.
7. Make time for friends
According to HelpGuide.org, humans are highly social animals. We’re not meant to survive, let alone thrive, in isolation. Relationships stimulate our brains—in fact, interacting with others may be the best kind of brain exercise.
8. Minimize stress
Stress is one of the brain’s worst enemies. Over time, chronic stress destroys brain cells. Also, studies have also linked stress to memory loss.
You’ve heard that laughter is the best medicine, and that holds true for the brain and the memory, as well as the body.
Furthermore, listening to jokes and working out punch lines activates areas of the brain vital to learning and creativity.
10. Play brain games
According to Danette Rivera from Breaking Muscle, brain games and certain puzzles and brainteasers help create new associations between different parts of the brain, which keeps it sharp.
11.d Getting organize
Clear the desk and the mind at the same time: An organized workspace may help improve memory and cognitive skills.
Research suggests doodling during a cognitive task helps improve memory because it keeps the brain stimulated
There are lots of cognitive benefits to letting the mind wander, like increased creativity and problem-solving ability, according to this research.
14. Writing by hand
The younger generation may not do this a lot anymore, but writing words by hand can improve cognitive skills like learning and memory.
15. Sharpening the senses
It’s important to challenge the brain in shape by keeping all the senses sharp. Try involving new senses in routine activities, like eating with the eyes closed and placing more emphasis on taste and smell.
16. Watch TV
On the contrary to popular beliefs, one study found people who watched a half-hour TV show performed better on intelligence tests than people who listened to classical music, worked on crossword puzzles, or read books.
Just make sure don’t watch it more than one hour.
17. Take an unfamiliar route back home
Trying new activities stimulates the release of dopamine, which increases motivation and the growth of new neurons.
18. Memorize your city
In one study, London taxi drivers showed structural changes in the part of the brain associated with spatial memory.
Try to not get lost while not using any maps.
19. Play an instrument
According to this study, the parts of the brain responsible for motor control, hearing, and visuospatial skills may be more developed in musicians than in non-musicians.
20. Speak it out loud
Want to remember something better? There’s evidence that we remember ideas better when we speak them out loud.
21. Learn a new language
Most of the people who talks more than three languages have higher IQ than everybody else. Studies show Alzheimer’s symptoms develop more slowly in bilingual speakers than in those who speak just only one language.
22. Think positively
You can not learn much if you always think negatively. Cheer up.
Research suggests people learn more when they believe intelligence isn’t fixed.
23. Write down ideas
According to Julie McCormick from LifeHack.org, writing ideas down creates oxygenated blood flow to areas of your brain that a responsible for your memories and literally exercises those parts of it.
That is the reason why professors in universities told us to write our notes manually, although it is already in the text book.
24. Visualize things
Try to pull up a mental image of what it is you are trying to remember. And when seeing things, try to memorize the shape, color, and details in order to store it better in your memory.
When you teach someone, you recall all the information needed and reconstruct it, thus enhancing the memory itself.
26. Draw a picture
According to a post at Food Matters, drawing stimulates the right-hemisphere of the brain and inspires creativity. Get out the colored pencils and begin drawing your way to a powerful brain.
27. Brainwave entrainment
Brainwave entrainment is a safe and innovative way to stimulate and shape the brain and it’s functioning. You can build up more control over your life and exploit your brain’s potential.
28. Engage in debate
A good, healthy debate strengthens the brain’s ability to think quickly and apply intelligence to verbal situations. Work to build up your brain power by engaging in plenty of healthy debate.
29. Change your environment
To keep your brain properly stimulated, it is important to keep changing your environment. Drive a new route to work, eat at a new restaurant on Friday night. Changing the environment helps change the brain!
30. Set goals
Setting goals activates areas of the brain associated with positive thinking and action. Setting goals is great for achieving success and prosperity in life and boosting your brain.
31. Be empathetic
Being empathetic and trying to understand the emotions of others is a skill that your brain can learn. Being empathetic is definitely a powerful trait to have and allows your brain to relate to the emotions of others.
A good brainstorming session to think of new, stimulating ideas is a great way to boost your brains ability to think creatively. Brainstorming is actually a different way of thinking that will equip your brain with a quick creative boost.
33. Write an article
Writing is linked to an improved memory and expression of thoughts. When you write, you are strengthening your brain’s natural ability to convey thoughts and feelings. Writing is a great way to exercise your ability to analyze and build a thought process with critical thinking. Journals, diaries, blog entries and writing stories are phenomenal ways to fulfill your brain.
34. Do self-hypnosis
The power of hypnotic suggestion is definitely real. You can change aspects of your thought process and learn to shift your focus by taking the time to do some self-hypnosis. Hypnosis research shows that by practicing hypnosis, the individual experience lowered stress, increased pain tolerance, and clear thinking. Try it out for yourself if you haven’t already!
35. Turn off the TV
On 16 I suggested to watch TV, but here it is, watching TV may not be the only reason which rotting begins in the brain, but it is a key ingredient to the rotting process. A little T.V. will never hurt anybody, but it does definitely change brain functioning. The act of watching T.V. slows brainwaves and causes a decline in brain fitness.
The key is, watch TV but not more than an hour.
36. Paint a picture
On 26 you’re being told to draw, but now you’re being told to paint. What’s the difference? Well, drawing and painting are not the same things. Drawing is dry (e.g. using a pencil or pen), painting needs paint and a brush. Drawings are made by using lines, and paintings are done by using smudges or stains.
Being able to visualize where you want paint to go on paper sparks pure creativity from within. Painting is an exercise that gets the right-brain fully functioning and improves your creative side. If you haven’t tried painting a picture, give it a shot and notice that you’re likely to feel and be more creative.
Don’t be afraid to cry when the time is right! Crying actually heals emotions and promotes healthy circulation within the brain. Those who are able to cry are actually cleansing the inside of their brain, which is another very healthy way to increase brain power.
38. Solve puzzles
Solving puzzles is a great way to stimulate your brains ability to critically think and process information. Puzzles are thought provoking, challenging, and a fun activity. The great thing about puzzles is that they require activity in the left-hemisphere of the brain to work with, and transfer information to, the right hemisphere’s visual center of the brain.
39. Do neurofeedback
Neurofeedback is a great way to learn to consciously control your brain wave patterns. Neurofeedback builds brain structure and helps promote flexibility within a brain’s neural network. Though neurofeedback is somewhat costly, if you’ve got enough money — it may very well be the best investment you can make for your brain!
40. Be self-aware
When you learn to let go of ego-driven and emotional aspects of life, rational thinking kicks in. Rational thinking will allow you to become self-aware, which in turn allows you to make better future decisions to achieve optimal brain health. Activities like meditation, self-hypnosis, and introspection allow us to increase our self-awareness.
41. Stay in school
If you are in school, chances are good that you will boost your brain power more than the average dropout! Keeping up with school work, means giving your brain a good workout in areas of self-discipline, learning, and mental processing. Stay in school, or do something to always be learning something new!
42. Do N-Backs
According to an article on Examined Existence, N-back tasks are a series of performance tasks used as an assessment tool in cognitive neuroscience to evaluate a certain area of the short-term memory. Considered as the cornerstone brain-training exercise, the n-back task is also considered as a method to boost fluid intelligence. It requires a person to mentally juggle several things simultaneously.
There are several good n-back apps on both the Android and Apple marketplace; the one I suggest is Brain N-Back.
43. Play chess
Chess improves verbal skills by utilizing all the abilities of a person, as many aptitudes or faculties of the mind are utilized whenever the game is played.
Creating and appreciating art are powerful ways to develop a healthy brain. If you engage yourself with sculpture, you get to develop new skills such as color and textural discrimination, spatial differentiation and creative thinking.
45. Track your genealogy
In an article posted in Psychology Today, a study reveals that people who traced their roots performed better on a series of cognitive tests than people who had other thoughts. Although the reason is unclear, rediscovering your ancestry tend can significantly help you gain insight into the present time.
46. Engage in good conversation
A systematic review done by psychology professors at the University of Michigan explored the effects of social interaction on mental functioning, and revealed that there is a relationship between socializing and improved cognition.
47. Do something random
Doing something randomly helps your brain by adding some stimulus to it. It doesn’t just add twist to every single day; it makes you think and think and think. People tend to have decreased mental activity if they do things in a usual manner, like brushing one’s teeth with the dominant hand or ordering the same food at a restaurant.
The explanation is simple, if you are healthy, then your blood circulation will be optimal, thus allowing your brain to perform without any problem. Brain need blood to get the oxygen needed to create the energy to think. An intense exercise also helps your body to release the Human Growth Hormone which is crucial for the brain’s overall health.
49. Use your left hand (right if you are a lefty)
In a study done by researchers from Israel found that clenching with your left could improve your thought process. Basically, when you use your non-dominant hand, your brain will try to adapt to the new way of doing things, thus creating or improving some of the areas.
50. Get enough sleep
Sleep is known to enhance your memories and help you practice and improve your performance of challenging skills. A single night of sleeping only four to six hours can impact your ability to think clearly the next day. Just make sure that you don’t oversleep because it can lower your brain performance.
51. Check for heart disease
Cardiovascular disease and its risk factors, including high cholesterol and high blood pressure, have been linked to mild cognitive impairment.
52. Check for diabetes
Studies show that people with diabetes experience far greater cognitive decline than those who don’t suffer from the disease.
Volunteering can lower your stress levels and increase mental functioning. Not only does it feel good, but it promotes brain health by raising self-esteem.
54. Strength Training
Research suggests strength training can also boost cognitive functioning. That’s because lifting weights may increase levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which controls the growth of nerve cells.
According to Shana Lebowitz from Greatist, research suggests dancing involves mental challenges like coordination and planning, and may protect against cognitive decline.
56. Play golf
One study found golfing causes structural changes in the parts of the brain associated with the sensorimotor control.
57. Do yoga
Research suggests yoga can improve mood and concentration, enhance cognitive performance, and even prevent cognitive decline in older adults.
58. Power naps
In one study, young adults who napped for 90 minutes showed significant improvements in memory. But another research suggests even naps that last a few minutes can increase alertness.
The plaque that accumulates between teeth can actually trigger an immune response that prevents arteries from getting nutrients to the brain.
60. Lawn mowing
One study found lawn-mowing releases a chemical that relieve stress and might even boost memory in older adults.
61. Lying down
It’s possible that memory improves when the head hangs lower than the rest of the body. This is because the blood flows better in your head. And one study found people solved anagrams faster when they were lying down than when they were standing.
62. Deep breathing
Deep breathing actually increases oxygen levels and blood-flow to the brain. 10-15 minutes of daily deep breathing can make a huge difference in the quality of your life and brain’s functioning potential.
63. Take a walk
Exercise definitely benefits the brain, and walking is a great form of exercise that is easy and very effective for boosting brainpower. Walking puts your mind in a relaxed state of clear thought and brain function. Walking gives your brain a chance to wander and free itself from any troubling thoughts.
64. Do impersonation
Being able to impersonate other’s actions and talk activates several areas of the brain that are usually inactive. Impersonating others, if done in a fun, playful manner, can improve your brain power and the brain’s natural ability to adapt quickly when faced with new situations.
65. Have sex
Having sex is a great way to naturally release vital hormones in the brain. When involved in a loving relationship, having sex improves social connection as well as emotional intelligence. Sex is connecting, stress-relieving, and a great way to give your brain a boost. Chances are that sex will also improve your confidence and ability to think positively!
66. Light therapy
A dip in alertness and focus during the day can often be due to excessive melatonin, which can induce sleepiness. Unfortunately, most websites, magazines or books tell you that the answer to this issue is to expose the eyes to more light in the morning via using something like a “light box”, which produces blue light.
However, blue light is not good for your eyes, and you can do this alternatively by limiting your exposure to blue light in the early evening – via both limiting use of TV’s, phones, and computers at night, and also using blue-light blocking glasses, applications like Flux, and computer screen covers in the evening.
67. Animal-based Omega-3 fats
According to Dr. Joseph Mercola from Mercola.com, Docosahexaenoic acid, or DHA, an omega-3 fat, is an essential structural component of both your brain and retina. Approximately 60 percent of your brain is composed of fats—25 percent of which is DHA. DHA is also an essential structural ingredient of breast milk, which is believed to be a major reason why breastfed babies consistently score higher on IQ tests than formula-fed babies.
Omega-3 fats such as DHA are considered essential because your body cannot produce it, and must get it from your daily diet. DHA-rich foods include fish, liver, and brain—all of which are no longer consumed in great amounts by most Americans
68. Coconut oil
There’s a substance that can feed your brain and prevent brain atrophy. It may even restore and renew neuron and nerve function in your brain after damage has set in.
The substance in question is called ketone bodies or ketoacids. Ketones are what your body produces when it converts fat (as opposed to glucose) into energy, and a primary source of ketone bodies are the medium chain triglycerides (MCT) found in coconut oil!
Everyone tolerates coconut oil differently, so you may have to start slowly. Coconut oil is best taken with food, to avoid upsetting your stomach.
69. Vitamin D
Activated vitamin D receptors increase nerve growth in your brain. An appropriate sun exposure would take care of these issues as the sun is irreplaceable when it comes to the body’s ability to produce adequate amounts of vitamin D
70. Traditional fermented foods
Your gut bacteria are an active and integrated part of your body. If you consume a lot of processed foods and sweetened drinks, for instance, your gut bacteria are likely going to be severely compromised because processed foods, in general, will destroy healthy microflora. Limiting sugar and processed foods, while eating traditionally fermented foods (rich in naturally occurring good bacteria) is one of the best ways to optimize gut flora and subsequently support brain health.
71. Vitamin B12
Mental fogginess and problems with memory are two of the top warning signs that you have vitamin B12 deficiency, and this is indicative of its importance for your brain health.
B12 is available in its natural form only in animal food sources. These include seafood, beef, chicken, pork, milk, and eggs.
72. Limit calories and saturated fat
Research shows that diets high in saturated fat (from sources such as red meat, whole milk, butter, cheese, cream, and ice cream) increase your risk of dementia and impair concentration and memory.
73. Green tea
Green tea contains polyphenols, a powerful antioxidant that protect against free radicals that can damage your brain cells. Also, regular consumption of green tea may enhance memory and mental alertness and slow brain aging.
74. Drink wine (or grape juice)
Drink wine in moderation (around 1 glass a day for women; 2 for men), alcohol may actually improve memory and cognition. Red wine appears to be the best option, as it is rich in resveratrol, a flavonoid that boosts blood flow to the brain and reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Other resveratrol-packed options include grape juice, cranberry juice, fresh grapes and berries, and peanuts.
75. Stay hydrated
Hydration is essential to keep the brain working properly, and research suggests being thirsty can distract us from the cognitive tasks we’re trying to do.
76. Eat spices
Research suggests certain spices can help preserve memory. Cumin and cilantro are especially powerful memory-boosters.
77. Leafy green vegetables
The antioxidants in these lean greens offer powerful brain protection from conditions like strokes, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s disease.
78. Nuts and seeds
Nuts and seeds contain nutrients that seriously improve cognitive performance. Zinc in pumpkin seeds could improve memory; the vitamin E in nuts can enhance cognitive skills.
79. Complex carbs
Complex carbohydrates improve alertness by offering energy that lasts through the day. Go for whole-wheat bread, brown rice, and oatmeal.
Studies suggest the caffeine in an eight-ounce cup of coffee can improve attention and short-term memory.
Research suggests quercetin, a chemical in apples, offers great neuroprotection, meaning it protects brain cells against damage from free radicals that can cause cognitive decline. Most of the quercetin’s in the apple skin, so keep the peel for an extra boost.
A recent study found the flavonols in dark chocolate offer a short-term boost in cognitive skills.
83. Chewing gum
Not only it is fun to chew gum, but also, studies have found chewing gum improves mood and alertness.
84. Chicken and eggs
It doesn’t matter which came first, both foods are great sources of choline, which can help improve cognitive performance, especially memory.
85. Fatty foods
As long you don’t eat them too much, research suggests fatty foods improve long-term memory. A hormone released during the digestion of some fats improves the part of the brain responsible for long-term memory formation.
Sugar is sweet, but only if you don’t over consume it that it will give you benefits. A little bit of glucose (25 grams) can boost alertness and improve memory.
According to this study, people who drink a glass of milk daily perform better on tests of memory and other cognitive functions.
Start to do all these simple things every day, and come back after a month to report your results here in the comment section.
88. Avoid trans fats and high fructose corn syrups
Trans fats diminish the brain cells’ ability to communicate with each other, and high fructose corn syrups can actually shrink the brain by damaging cells.
89. Avoid junk foods
Junk food has been proven to decrease energy in the body and promotes “brain fog.” Cut some junk food from your diet, and reap the benefits of a more calm, focused brain chemistry.
90. Fish oil
Fish oil supplements are literally like membrane material for the brain. The 2 primary components of EPA and DHA each act to strengthen both the emotional center of the brain and boost focus.
If you don’t like to consume all different kinds of multivitamin pills, just take a multivitamin, an all-in-one pill to facilitate your brain daily needs.
92. Eat less
Eating too much food has the effect of decreasing blood-flow to the brain and increasing blood-flow to the digestive system. Therefore, if you are able to cut-back on the total amount of food you consume, you will have enhanced brain functioning. In several lab studies, rats on a calorie-restricted diet had increased blood flow in their brains.
93. Eat breakfast
When kids who hadn’t eaten breakfast for awhile, began to eat breakfast, their math grades went up an entire letter grade (on average). Breakfast is probably the most important meal of the day — it provides your body with fuel for the rest of the day. If you don’t have time to eat an entire breakfast in the morning, at least, have some sort of snack.
94. Reduce excessive alcohol consumption
Alcohol in moderation isn’t terrible for the brain, however, too much alcohol is damaging to brain health and function. If you want to boost brain power, cutting alcohol is a great way to do it. Alcohol can cause memory problems and encourage “foggy,” disorganized thinking.
95. Drug-free lifestyle
Everyone knows that drugs are bad for them. Drugs do not foster creativity, they kill creativity and deplete brain cells. Depending on the drug, effects can range from brain bleeding, to cell loss, to impairments in neural growth. Live drug-free and keep your brain more powerful!
96. Drink freshly squeezed juice
Drinking fresh pressed vegetable juice revitalizes the brain and provides cells with a refreshing jolt of nutrients. Most juices provide your brain with vital nutrients which in turn, provide you with more mental energy and focus.
97. Ginkgo Biloba
Ginkgo Biloba has been scientifically researched and documented to significantly increase blood-flow to the brain. Ginkgo Biloba is a fairly inexpensive way to pump up your brain’s blood-flow. Increased blood flow to the brain is correlated with an increase in focus and problem solving. Try some Ginkgo Biloba and allow your brain to reap the benefits!
98. Sniff basil
I personally haven’t tried this method, but there seem to be many claims testifying for Basil’s effectiveness at improving overall brain function. Either way, certain fragrances actually change brain functioning. Taking a whiff of peppermint speeds up brain functioning while other fragrances actually slow things down! Since scent is the strongest thing tied to memory, some good fragrances can definitely help out brain functioning.
99. Fatty acids
A substance called “arachidonic acid” is one of the most abundant fatty acids in the brain, and is crucial your neurological health, since it helps build the cell membranes in your hippocampus, helps protect your brain from free radical damage, and activates proteins that are responsible for growth and repair of neurons in your brain.
According to Ben Greenfield from Ben Greenfield Fitness, “In my opinion, it would be silly to supplement with arachidonic acid since it is readily available in food sources, including Tilapia, catfish, yellowtail and mackerel (sushi anyone?), fatty cuts of meat, duck, eggs and dairy.”
Compared to other similar triglycerides and dietary fats, phosphatidylserine is found in abundance in neural tissue, where it serves as a structural component of cell membranes, and also as an inhibitor of acetylcholine (which means it can increase alertness, and dopamine/glutamate levels in your brain).
Supplement/pill forms of phosphatidylserine tend to be expensive, especially when you consider that you can get it at fairly high levels in seafood, particularly herring and mackerel.
101. Vitamin K2
Your brain contains one of the highest concentrations of vitamin K2 in your entire body, and it is in this area of your body that Vitamin K2 prevents free radical damage to neurons and contributes to the production of the protective “myelin” sheets around your brain cells.
But the fact is, unless you have a serious deficiency or disease that requires K2 intake, you’re better off getting it from natural sources: grass-fed beef, fermented dairy products (like kefir) and natto (a fermented soybean derivative).
Vitamin C has long been thought to have the power to increase mental agility. One of the best sources of this vital vitamin are blackcurrants.
According to Jo Lewin from BBC Good Food, evidence accumulated at Tufts University in the United States suggests that the consumption of blueberries may be effective in improving or delaying short term memory loss. Widely available, so there’s no excuse.
There is good evidence to suggest that lycopene, a powerful antioxidant found in tomatoes, could help protect against the kind of free radical damage to cells which occurs in the development of dementia, particularly Alzheimer’s.
105. Quit smoking
When you smoke, instead of feeding your brain with oxygen, you’re filling it with carbon monoxide and free radicals that decrease its cognitive ability and cause injury to the inner lining of its blood vessels. Smoking decreases cognitive ability and poses the risk of cerebrovascular diseases like stroke. Needless to say, smoking causes cancer.
106. Pumpkin seeds
Just a handful of pumpkin seeds a day is all you need to get your recommended daily amount of zinc, vital for enhancing memory and thinking skills.
A great source of vitamin K, which is known to enhance cognitive function and improve brainpower.
Sage has long had a reputation for improving memory and although most studies focus on sage as an essential oil, it could be worth adding fresh sage to your diet too.
Basically, there are three aspects to increase brain power.
First, we need to think and make our brain learn new things. Our brain reshapes and reconstructs when we learn new things. So, try new things as much as possible.
Second, the brain is a body-part, so we should make sure that our body is healthy and fit by doing exercises. The brain needs blood to ensure its functioning. Exercise helps the body to circulate blood better.
Third, to have enough energy to think and to stay healthy, we need to eat healthy foods. Vitamins are essential for our brain, it is like the oil for our brain. Healthy foods, that is.
Here are some of the explanation about what can happened to your body if you stopped sleeping for a week ? :->
People spend almost half of their lives sleeping, and still seem to never get enough of it. Have you ever thought what would happen if you stopped “wasting time” on this process? You would surely have a lot of free time for learning something new, doing sports, working, or just hanging out with friends. Sounds cool? But let’s have a look at the consequences of never sleeping again.
After one day without sleep, you’ll feel better than ever. The reason for these strange feelings lies in the fact that your brain increases dopamine levels trying to compensate your lack of sleep. However, closer to the end of the day, this happy mood is evaporating. It’s strictly “not recommended” to drive in such a state, as it may turn extremely dangerous when you’re sleep deprived. After two days without sleep your body will have less and less energy, and you will begin to look pale and a bit ill. What is even worse, your immune system will start to let you down becoming less efficient. Your judgment will get impaired. What is more, the effects of the absence of sleep will be getting worse and worse, and after a short time, the body will begin to shut down. This means that after three sleepless days you’ll be unable to function or communicate normally.
If you manage to fall asleep on the 11th day, shockingly, there won’t be any long-term health effects. This means that after a good and quality sleep lasting about 12 hours, you will be perfectly fine. This doesn’t refer to those people who suffer from fatal familial insomnia. Such patients can survive maximum for a year, and a half granted their condition was worsening gradually, and they still managed to sleep from time to time for the first several months of the disease.
Here are some of the benefits of sleeping :-
1. Sleep helps reduce stress
2. Sleep can improve your memory
3. Sleep can lower your blood pressure
4. Sleep helps your body to fight back
5. Sleep can help you maintain your weight
6. Sleep puts you in a better mood
7. Sleep could reduce your chances of diabetes
8. Sleep helps keep your heart healthy
9. Sleep can be a painkiller
10. Sleep can make you smarter
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Clarified Notice : This post doesn’t promote acid crime & any unusual uses of acid. We want to tell us acid is most sensitive harmful chemical king liquid so don’t mess with it.
This is quite mad question like that, what if we inject Strong acid like Hcl, HI in our blood stream by using syringe.
This will depends on how concentrated was that acid. The standard pH of HCl ( Hydrocholride acid ) is 1.08 ( per 100 mm). If we inject this most dangerous chemical liquid to anyone blood stream, then first microsecond of reaching of acid to the blood stream veins, Veins will be destroyed by acid burn and only few drops of acid will reach to the veins but most of the acid will used for acid burnt for veins.
When the first drop of the acid touch the blood flow, it eventually freeze the blood by reacting with hematite ore of iron which is found in haemoglobin of blood. After some microsecond blood is cracked & will get burnt due to acid bite & after some microsecond the vein connection of bloodline will be destroyed and the unlucky one will died.
In the United states, there are 123,000 people in need of an organ. How much are your body parts worth?
In theory, if you could harvest every organ and chemical in your body, you could make a cool $45M! But in reality, Medical Transcription estimates, the average price of a human dead body is more likely to fetch around $550,000 (with a few key body parts driving up the price).
So how does that all break down? Well, first depends if we’re talking about selling your organs legally or via the black market. The biggest-ticket organ you can legally sell in the U.S. is your heart: They’re going for a cool $1 million. Livers come in second, worth about $557,000 and kidneys fetch about $262,000 each. Widespread diabetes and heart disease is what have made these particular organs so expensive.
On the black market, however, prices are considerably lower: maybe 10% of the above costs. In the US alone, there are currently 123,000 people waiting for organs (100,000 for kidneys), but only about 14,000 organs are donated per year. This means every day about 18 die waiting for a transplant. This world-wide organ shortage have caused a black market to crop up: the old “supply and demand thing”. Surely Adam Smith had no idea the economic concept he coined would one day be applied to human skin ($10/inch), stomach ($500) and eyeballs ($1,500 each) one day.
The creepiest part of all this is where black market organs are coming from. The abject poor in dire need of cash, prisoners (dead and alive!), looted graves … some entrepreneurial organ brokers have resorted to paying off morticians at funeral homes!
If you were ever curious as to how much body parts can fetch on the black market,Medical Transcription created a snazzy infographic to show you. Some parts are shockingly cheap! Like would you want a new shoulder or a new iPad? Both cost 500 bucks.
Other organs are prohibitively expensive, like a kidney. That little sucker costs $262,000 in the US (other countries have it for cheaper)! Here’s the full list of body parts and their cost:
- Pair of Eyeballs: $1,525
- Scalp: $607
- Skull with Teeth: $1,200
- Shoulder: $500
- Coronary Artery: $1,525
- Heart: $119,000
- Liver: $157,000
- Hand and Forearm: $385
- Pint of Blood: $337
- Spleen: $508
- Stomach: $508
- Small Intestine: $2,519
- Kidney: $262,000
- Gallbladder: $1,219
- Skin: $10 per square inch