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A black hole is a region of space time exhibiting such strong gravitational effects that nothing, not even particles and electromagnetic radiation such as light can escape from inside it. The theory of general relativity predicts that a sufficiently compact mass can deform space time to form a black hole.
The boundary of the region from which no escape is possible is called the event horizon. Although the event horizon has an enormous effect on the fate and circumstances of an object crossing it, no locally detectable features appear to be observed. In many ways a black hole acts like an ideal black body, as it reflects no light.
Moreover, quantum field theory in curved space time predicts that event horizons emit Hawking radiation, with the same spectrum as a black body of a temperature inversely proportional to its mass. This temperature is on the order of billionths of a kelvin for black holes of stellar mass, making it essentially impossible to observe.
How are Black Holes identified?
As the universe is too big and dark, we can barely see the black holes because of the matching colors of both bodies. But scientists had found a way to spot a black hole by following the massive shadow cast by it in many heavenly bodies.
Event Horizon Telescope(EHT) Project
The Event Horizon Telescope is a project to create a large telescope array consisting of a global network of radio telescopes and combining data from several very-long-baseline interferometry stations around the Earth. The aim is to observe the immediate environment of the super massive black hole Sagittarius A* at the center of the Milky Way, as well as the even larger black hole in the center of the super giant elliptical galaxy Messier 87, with angular resolution comparable to the black hole’s event horizon.
It previously, on 10th April, 2019 was successful to capture the photo of a super massive Black Hole, located at the center of Messier 87 Galaxy, commonly known as M87. The Black Hole located there is about 6.5 Billion times massive than our Sun of solar system. The black hole was given the name Pōwehi, meaning “embellished dark source of unending creation” in Hawaiian.
Messier 87(M87) is a super giant elliptical galaxy in the constellation Virgo. One of the most massive galaxies in the local Universe. It has a large population of globular clusters about 12,000 compared with the 150–200 orbiting the Milky Way and a jet of energetic plasma that originates at the core and extends at least 1,500 parsecs (4,900 light-years), traveling at relativistic speed. It is one of the brightest radio sources in the sky, and a popular target for both amateur and professional astronomers.
The French astronomer Charles Messier discovered M87 in 1781, and cataloged it as a nebulous feature while searching for objects that would otherwise confuse comet hunters. M87 is located about 16.4 million parsecs (53 million light-years) from Earth and is the second-brightest galaxy within the northern Virgo Cluster, having many satellite galaxies. Unlike a disk-shaped spiral galaxy, M87 has no distinctive dust lanes. Instead, it has an almost featureless, ellipsoidal shape typical of most giant elliptical galaxies, diminishing in luminosity with distance from the center. Forming around one-sixth of its mass, M87’s stars have a nearly spherically symmetric distribution. Their population density decreases with increasing distance from the core. It has an active super massive black hole at its core, which forms the primary component of an active galactic nucleus. The black hole was imaged in 2017 by the Event Horizon Telescope, with a final, processed image released on 10 April 2019.
The galaxy is a strong source of multi wavelength radiation, particularly radio waves. Its galactic envelope extends to a radius of about 150 kilo-parsecs (490 thousand light-years), where it is truncated possibly by an encounter with another galaxy. Its interstellar medium consists of diffuse gas enriched by elements emitted from evolved stars.
Super Massive Black Hole
A super massive black hole is the largest type of black hole, containing a mass of the order of hundreds of thousands, to billions of times, the mass of the Sun. This is a class of astronomical objects that has undergone gravitational collapse, leaving behind a spheroidal region of space from which nothing can escape, not even light. Observational evidence indicates that all, or nearly all, massive galaxies contain a super massive black hole, located at the galaxy’s center. In the case of the Milky Way, the super massive black hole corresponds to the location of Sagittarius A* at the Galactic Core. Accretion of interstellar gas onto super massive black holes is the process responsible for powering quasars and other types of active galactic nuclei.
First Image of Black Hole
On 10th April, 2019, The first ever real image of black hole was captured. It was so tiny in the picture that the crew scientists had to zoom it till it was formed bigger. The Diameter of super massive Black Hole in was 0.000100 cm.
The first ever picture of black hole has now open a new era for astrophysicists.
But the exciting thing is that, The General Theory of Relativity, first proposed by renowned Physicist Albert Einstein, had passed the test again. The thing is that, before 100 years before, in 1915 AD, among billion brain, only 1 brain of Albert Einstein could imagine it. Therefore, the very old General Theory of Relativity passed the test of several scientists and is in practice today as well.
“Imagination is important than Knowledge. Knowledge is Limited. Imagination encircles the World. Imagination is the language of Soul.”
– Renowned Physicist Albert Einstein
Australia Doesn’t Exist And People Who Live There Are Actors Paid By NASA – Flat Earthers Claim
There’s a growing number of people who seem to think the world is, in fact, flat. But it gets better. They also insist that Australia is actually just one big hoax. According to a viral Facebook rant, the entire country (and presumably the 24 million people that live there) is completely FAKE.
The idea resurfaced at a some recent gathering of the so-called Flat Earthers in the Birmingham recently where over 200 people came together to confirm to each other that the Earth is nothing more than a giant pancake.
The origin of the “fake Australia” post started on Reddit back in 2017 and was written by a Shelley Floryd. But it appears to be back in the minds of the spherically-challenged at the moment.
“Australia is not real,” the rant begins. “It’s a hoax, made for us to believe that Britain moved over their criminals to someplace. In reality, all these criminals were loaded off the ships into the waters, drowning before they could see land ever again. It’s a coverup [sic] for one of the greatest mass murders in history.”
Moreover, the post reckons that all Australians are nothing more than computer generated personas and if you’ve ever been Down Under yourself: “you’re terribly wrong”.
Hilariously, the pilots are apparently all in on it – and have just been flying you to parts of South America all these years. Flat Earth theories have been shot down by just about everyone capable of rational thought, but the theory is still enjoying a current resurgence. Over 200 conspiracy theorists gathered at a hotel in Birmingham for the UK’s first Flat Earth Convention. The convention, which took place over three days, saw nine speakers take to the stage to explain their theory as to why the Earth is flat.
According to The Telegraph , Dave Marsh, an NHS worker who spoke at the conference, said: “My research destroys big bang cosmology.
“It supports the idea that gravity doesn’t exist and the only true force in nature is electromagnetism.”
While NASA has proved that the Earth is round using GPS, satellites, and images from space, Flat Earth believers claim that they have evidence that the space agency is lying. So what do you think about this? Let us know in the comments
Sarco Suicide Machine
Death could be as easy, quick, and painless as simply pressing a button. The world’s first 3D-printable suicide machine was on show in Australia in October, 2018 with Exit International director Dr. Philip Nitschke hoping it will appeal to Victorian patients seeking an “elegant and stylish death” under new euthanasia laws. “Virtual Reality offers person to experience their own Virtual Death” Dr. Nitschke said.
Philip Nitschke is the founder and director of Exit International. A former medical doctor, in 1996 Philip helped 4 of his terminally ill patients to die using Australia’s Rights of the Terminally Ill Act.
The plan for this machine was started from early October, 2017. They have finished 3D-printable suicide machine. And finally it was on show in Australia for general public peoples.
Open to the public for the first time, Dr. Philip Nitschke (nicknamed Dr. Death) announced plans to debut his latest suicide-assisting machine “Sarco” (short for sarcophagus) at Amsterdam’s Funeral Fair in October. You can also try it out for yourself at least, in virtual reality by stepping inside a full-size depiction of the euthanasia capsule. With VR glasses give the user a glimpse into how the death machine operates.
Plans for 3D-printing the capsule are freely available on the Internet, according to Nitschke, who says the device can be assembled anywhere to “allow a person a peaceful passing” at a location of their choosing.
Direction of Use
Potential users for the real deal will have to fill out an online test to gauge their mental fitness. If passed, they will then receive an access code valid for 24 hours. Once the code is entered, another confirmation from the user must be given to let them know what they are doing.
How will it work?
The Sarco will sit on a generator that uses liquid nitrogen that, when released, will bring down the level of oxygen in the capsule to induce Hypoxia. The brain relies on oxygen to function. When put in environments with low levels of oxygen, the body slowly begins to shut down, resulting in confusion, increased heart rate, rapid breathing, shortness of breath, sweating, and wheezing. In the Sarco, however, Nitschke says death will have “style and elegance” within one minute, the user loses consciousness. Death shortly follows.
To activate the process, a person simply steps inside, lies down and, when ready, presses a button.
Company’s founder says ““A Sarco death is painless. There’s no suffocation, choking sensation or ‘air hunger’ as the user breathes easily in a low-oxygen environment. The sensation is one of well-being and intoxication”
With the motto of ‘Peaceful death is everyone’s right’, they constructed this eye blink Suicide story with a starting of intense story of life.
He says the idea for the invention was sparked by conversations in 2012 over the case of British man Tony Nicklinson, who suffered from locked-in syndrome – the result of a severe stroke in 2005 that had left him unable to speak or move.
Mr Nicklinson fought a long, and ultimately unsuccessful, court battle in a bid to allow his doctors legally to assist his suicide. In search of assisted suicide options, his lawyer reached out to Dr Nitschke, who began to consider how it would be possible for an individual whose movements were limited to blinking might be able to trigger death without the need for help by others.
The resulting device is intended to offer people the option of peacefully ending their life without assistance, in a way that is, according to Dr Nitschke, effective and dignified.
“Death shouldn’t be something you do hidden away in a back room somewhere,” Dr Nitschke said.
“Death is the time which comes once in life, so why not make our last day on world end with experience of amazing death?” he added.
The first fully-functional Sarco device is set to be built later this year in the Netherlands, before being shipped to Switzerland where assisted suicide is legal. Dr Nitschke plans to develop according to 3D-printable version of the machine.
Beyond the terminally ill who are seeking options for a dignified way to end their life, the Sarco is also intended to open up the conversation about death and euthanasia without the underlying connotations of fear and shock.
Sacro will not be for sell in any part of the world. As to use it, you should pass and online test. Sarco is completely bio degradable. As per, Liquid Nitrogen will be obtained from welding and gas supplies. The Sarco provides a hypoxic death. Hypoxia means low oxygen. This is the same as when a plane depressurizes. The experience of being in a low oxygen environment can be intoxicating.
The detailed technical specifications and plans will only be available to subscribers to The Peaceful Pill eHandbook. All purchasers of the eHandbook have their ID vetted.
A second safeguard is the AI (artificial intelligence) mental capacity test that will be incorporated into the design and use of Sarco.
To gain entry to Sarco, the person will need a code. This code will only be issued after the person has completed an online mental capacity test showing that they understand what they are doing, why they are doing and the consequences of their actions.
Failure to complete the test will result in the non-issuance of the essential code.
Besides, a Sarco will never lend itself to rash, impulsive action. While 3D printing was done quickly as the technology improves, it will never be fast. Use of a Sarco will require significant planning ahead. This will serve to protect the vulnerable from acting irrationally.